Zoonoses, more and more, we see this word in news of all kinds. However, a good part of the population is not sure what this term is about, which indicates nothing more than diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
Causing problems that can be triggered by microorganisms of the most varied - including bacteria, fungi, worms, larvae, protozoa and viruses - the zoonoses they can be responsible for complications ranging from allergies to cancer (in rarer cases), including diseases such as rabies, pneumonia and hepatitis.
With the expansion of urban centers and roads to areas formerly occupied by forests and environments populated by animals of all types and species, the occurrence of this type of problem has greatly increased over the last few decades and, today, centers that carry out zoonosis control are already present throughout the country.
Considered incurable in animals, rabies is one of the best known zoonoses among the general public, however, toxoplasmosis (transmitted by felines), leptospirosis, histoplasmosis (caused by fungi present in bird feces) and even dengue can be diseases considered to be same category.
Among the most harmful zoonoses we can mention leishmaniasis, which is a chronic disease and can be transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. Causing symptoms that include fever, ulcer, skin lesions, cough, anemia, diarrhea, abdominal pain and the damage of organs such as liver, spleen and bone marrow, leishmaniasis is among the most common diseases of the category in Brazil, and has already been diagnosed in all Brazilian states.
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For prevent the spread of zoonoses, it is important that all pet owners - in addition to the city halls responsible for each city that presents cases of this category - vaccinate their animals, preventing them from being affected by diseases of this type and, consequently, from being transmitted to humans.