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Breeding a dog is not something done only by breeders, and many pet owners who want to increase the family of their friends also promote the meeting of dogs to generate litters. However, a series of precautions and precautions must be taken to ensure that this process is carried out in the correct way, and whoever wants to increase the number of puppies at home should be well informed before taking a risk in the world of canine mating.
Bearing in mind that the lack of knowledge at the time of cross dog it can bring a series of complications - such as genetic anomalies, dysplasias and neurological problems - it is clear that following the rules is fundamental to obtain success in pregnancy and in the lives of pets, and respecting the nature of animals is a key word in this process.
The choice of breeds of dogs, the location and the ideal period are some important points for the mating to occur smoothly, and taking male and female for a visit to the vet is also a great request - allowing the health of both to be certified animals and that vaccines and worms are up to date.
It is important to remember that obese female animals that already have genetic alterations and complications such as epilepsy, early cataract, hip dysplasia, cryptorchidism (absence of a testicle), sexually transmitted diseases (such as brucellosis) and very serious allergies should not practice mating; since this type of complication is passed from father to son, and the crossing between pets in these conditions would generate puppies with problems.
Crossbreeding between consanguineous animals (from the same family) is also not recommended and, although it is a relatively common practice among breeders looking to improve breeds, it can generate puppies with a series of genetic complications. Below, find out about some of the most important precautions so that the dog breed is done properly and you can receive new puppies at home.
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Characteristics for the dog cross
The observation of some specific characteristics is very important for the mating dogs be quiet and breed healthy puppies. Making sure that the dogs are the same breed and have the same characteristics is the starting point, and the male involved in the process must be the same size, smaller, or very similar in size to the female.
Making sure that none of the dogs have diseases is also essential, and the better and calmer the animals' temperament, the smoother the process will be, as a very aggressive female can end up seriously hurting her suitor. If dogs live close to each other and already know each other, mating becomes even easier, as some female dogs tend to reject unknown partners.
Where should the dogs cross?
The best place for crossbreed dogs it is in the space in which the male lives, since, in this place, the territory is his and no one else's - unlike the proximity of where the female lives, which when she enters heat, attracts a series of candidates to the cross to the surroundings.
In case there is any impossibility of using the male's house for mating, it is recommended that he be introduced to a new location, at least, one week before the crossing takes place; allowing him to get used to the new space and to be able to mark his territory.
Ideal mating period
Respect the right time for the mating dogs it is another fundamental point for the process to evolve. In the case of males, crossbreeding can begin as early as 18 months of age; for females, the ideal period will vary according to their cycles - the most recommended being that the process occurs only after their third heat.
With an average duration of 15 days, the dog's heat is the main indicator of its availability for the cross; however, it will only be around the eighth day of the cycle that the female will accept the male. The 10th day of heat is, in most cases, what offers the best chances for fertilization to be carried out efficiently - as this is when the ovulation of the female occurs - and, from this day on, crosses can occur frequently, until the cycle is over and the dog starts rejecting the males again.
If female cross with more than one male during ovulation, there is a possibility that puppies will be born to more than one parent in the same litter, and the same care regarding the choice of partner also applies in these cases.
After mating, it is recommended that animals move away naturally and without the intervention of people, and many professionals also indicate that the couple can spend about two days together during this period, so that the right day of fertilization can be determined - as well as the approximate date of birth of the litter, which should take place in about 2 months.