My three bunnies are free range. I enjoy sharing the story of why they started living outdoors and how it works for us.
Setting my bunny free from its cage was one of the most enjoyable experiences I have had since owning pets. It has always seemed sad to me that rabbits are almost always kept in cages. Imagine a dog or cat spending their entire life suspended in a cage, their feet never once touching the ground. Most animal-lovers would despise such an idea. Yet it is perfectly acceptable to do this to a rabbit. Bunnies love to hop, raise up on their hind legs, stretch, run, kick, and dig. Who am I to take away these bunny liberties?
After deciding I was not going to abide by the “cage your bunny” rule, I was still a little nervous about bunny’s first adventures on the ground. Obviously, predators are the first enemy of a free bunny. What about diseases? Pests? Off to the internet I went, determined to see what Google had to say about this. Interestingly…not much.
Through my own searches, I found lots of good information about rabbit care. That is, rabbit care for people who raise them in cages or inside their homes. Yes, it seems popular nowadays to litter box-train your bunny and let him roam around your house like a cat! Sounds like fun, but animals living inside my house is not an option for me right now. I already have a boyfriend, and he is enough to clean up after. Where are the articles on raising bunnies out of their cage and outdoors?
Well, this is my attempt at adding one. I still have not found all the answers, but I have some interesting observations to add to the subject of free-range bunnies. I look at it as an ongoing experiment. Yes, my bunnies are more at risk to predators and disease since they are no longer confined to their cage. But I like to think that even if they meet an untimely death, they at least got to (literally) “kick up their heels” in life. Bunnies absolutely love life on the ground, and why wouldn’t they?
I got my first rabbit to use in Easter photos with children. After doing this for a couple years, I learned that rabbits are much easier to handle when they are young. My first rabbit was a female who is pictured above and below. I have begun calling her “Mama Gray” because of her lovely color and because she has since birthed multiple litters. She started out in a cage all alone.
Next Easter, I aquired 2 more baby bunnies and put them together in a cage beside Miss Gray. They were 2 white ones, and I was not sure yet of their sex. They acquired the names “Stew” and “Gerald” from some of my friends. After they spent a long, steamy summer panting and almost dying in their cages, autumn finally came, and the growing fur balls began getting frisky.
Stew had begun chasing Gerald round and round the cage relentlessly. I began to think Gerald was a girl and was obviously being tortured by Stew’s insatiable adolescent yearnings. Finally, it was just too much. “That is enough of that, mister. Your horny butt is being set free!” I proclaimed as I let Stew’s fuzzy white feet get dirty for the first time. It was liberating to watch and wonder what his little bunny brain might be thinking as he explored the world for the first time. The taste of a leaf, the smell of bark, the feeling of nails scratching the soil, the freedom to run in any direction for quite a long time without stopping. How exhilarating it must be!
Stew had been liberated! After a few days, he had survived quite well, though his coat was no longer virgin white. You see, all along, under Stew’s cage, there were other animals living. A pot-bellied pig, a rooster, and 5 hens also call this area of dirt and trees home, and they were interested in meeting Stew.
Even though Stew was not in a cage, he was still in a fence. The fence is about 50 x 40 feet and keeps the pig from roaming the yard. (I would allow this, if I could find a way to train my pig from peeing on my porch. Shoo-wee!) The fence is not buried, though, so I figured it would not keep Stew contained for long. To my surprise, he did not venture out of the fenced area for about 4 months.
Soon after Stew, Gerald and Gray were set free of their cage. I found that the initial caging taught the rabbits to associate me with food. When I went outside to feed them, they would hop up to me. I began feeding them by hand anytime I could so that they would stay moderately tame. I recommend hand-feeding (or holding the cup they eat from) as early and as frequently as possible.
I knew they needed a home. We adapted an existing shelter to include a front wall and a small opening that was big enough for bunnies but would keep hens and pigs OUT. It also had a hinged access door for cleaning out poop, and putting in food and water.
It is true that rabbits can easily be litter box trained because they usually choose a designated pooping spot. You can watch for this spot (usually a private corner somewhere near to their food) and place a potty there. (Any container that will not easily be tipped over should work.) The trick to this is to let the bunny choose the spot. Then try not to invade their space very much. Bunnies like their privacy.
You could try attaching a food dispenser in a way that you do not have to invade the space to feed. Also I have found that in the spring and summer, when there is plenty of grass growing, I barely need to feed them. I still provide pellets in a number of ways. If they hop up to me, I hand feed or pour some feed on the ground in front of them. Sometimes I toss some pellets around on the ground inside the fenced area to encourage them to come back to "home base".
I have found that "home base" is best established by initial caging or fencing for the first month or two. Babies that grow up on the ground and have never been caged tend to stray further from home, increasing their chances of being eaten or lost to the unknown. Although it does depend on the personality of each bunny. Some of my buns that were never caged are still in eyesight 90% of the time, though they do not approach me to be fed. I do believe having multiple buns (at least 2) also increases their desire to hang around.
The bunnies seemed to enjoy getting to know each other and the other animals. I learned some interesting things about bunny behavior. Here are some things you may not know.
My bunnies have now been living, breeding, and roaming free in my yard for over a year. They go in and out of the fenced area as they choose. Why have they not been eaten by predators? I think these are the key factors:
I understand that not everyone has these perfect circumstances for letting pet buns run wild. But I do think it could be considered more often, with some adjustments to the environment. If your yard is not protected, consider a fenced-in area with a top and buried sides. Remember that free-ranging bunnies is not typical because rabbits are prey animals. However, rabbits are social and curious creatures that deserve more than a boring cage their entire lives.
Nothing thrills me like watching bunnies lounge together next to a shade tree. They must love the feel of the cool dirt on their bellies, the endless choice of grasses to munch, and that tingle of excitement when they hop-kick through the air. Free at last!
wonderdawn (author) from Vanleer, Tennessee, USA, Earth on March 11, 2020:
I am not sure how to answer directly to you on this site!
I just now saw your comment!
Do you still have the 10 rabbits and how's it going?
Krishika rajanikanth on December 22, 2019:
I have two rabbits and they live in a double storey hutch on my alfresco .
They love to cool off on the tiles. We let them out one hor a day on the grass. We change the bedding every month . It is really easy to potty train the It took us a day to do so. We have two white netherland dwarfs. They are now 4 months old.
Bek on December 19, 2019:
We started with an outdoor hutch and a separate pen for daily grass time. Then we moved the hutch into the 5’ x 8’ pen and left the ramp down so our rabbits could be on the ground whenever they wanted. We moved the pen and hutch weekly to give them fresh grass. Then . , . they dug a burrow, a massive burrow. Then we didn’t want to move their pen and because they had worked so hard on their burrow. So then we put a fence around their pen and opened the door to their pen so they could roam outside their pen into the fenced area to get more grass. Long story short, we have continued to make their fenced area bigger and bigger. They love this so much!!! And we love seeing the the rabbits enjoy grass and roam freely. I can’t imagine caging these lovely creatures. I feel so sad to think of the lives caged rabbits live. So here is my dilemma . we now have a litter of bunnies. We had our male fixed, but not before these beautiful little fur balls appeared one day out of the burrow. I can’t bear the thought of selling them and them possibly ending up in a cages. But I can’t see fixing all of the males from this litter either (don’t have any idea at this point how many of the babies are males). It sounds like your rabbits are not fixed, but your population hasn’t exploded? I am also concerned about the cost of food over time. We are at ten bunnies now! I really am stressed about this. Thoughts?
Kaila on September 19, 2019:
We have three dogs, two cats, my bunny, and a Sulcata Tortoise. All of them are indoor-outdoor pets. I have a cage in my room for my bunny, but she only goes in it while she sleeps or if we are leaving for a long period of time. The tortoise has an outdoor enclosure as well as a doggy door into my parents room for her indoor one. My dogs aren’t allowed into our main house but we have what we call the Meat Room that they get full roam of. We only put our puppy in a cage because she tears everything up. When it’s really cold or hot, they spend more time indoors. When the temperature is nice they spend most of their days outdoors. The only lady who never lets her cats and dogs outside unsupervised scares me. We live on a big farm, and yeah there is predators and yeah it’s a little dangerous, but I’ve always firmly believed that it’s better for an animal to die happy then to live long and depressed. The dogs free roam the whole farm and even spend time at our neighbors houses (they are fine with it, they all love our dogs). Rhino (my bunny) tends to stay in the yard or sometimes I’ll put her in the pen with our tortoise because they are super close friends, but she pretty much has no restrictions on where she goes (except the garden, she isn’t allowed in the garden). Our tortoise has a very large enclosure because she is VERY big. She we can’t really let free roam because she WILL leave and won’t return. She likes it when Rhino comes to play with her though. We also have three parakeets that while are allowed to fly anywhere in the house, they aren’t allowed outside because they would obviously fly off. I’ve been trying to convince my parents to build a screened in porch for them but they won’t have it. :/ they are still happy, though. Also, all of our animals get along. Our cats don’t try and eat our birds or my bunny, and my dogs don’t either. Anyway wherever I was going with this, you can mix free roam and caged and indoor and outdoor and animals will still be happy.
Melissa on May 06, 2019:
I'm laughing so hard at the ladies saying that Rabbits need to live inside. LOL Apparently they've never been to the country? Most rabbits are wild animals. They are perfectly content outside. They live through our zone 5b winter. It got down to like -32F one week this winter and I still saw all the rabbits after it was over. They know what to do.
Anyways, I came here hoping to find ideas on building a rabbit house and feeding our wild rabbits(Which we didn't buy in the store by the way - since I know someone is going to say something). Still inspiring one way or the other.
P.s. Judy, Cats and dogs do stay outside unsupervised very often when you live in the country. We have an inside cat but we also have several neighbor cats that come and visit, then they go back home. It's not a big deal when you don't live in the city.
Judy on July 15, 2018:
I would not let my cat or dog roam outside unsupervised. Why would I do it with a pet rabbit? You can still have a play pen outside for the rabbit but not 24/7.I think the logic applied in this article is a bit flawed. If you feel that strongly about rabbits being outside all the time you shouldn't confine them at all just for your own enjoyment. Just don't get pets, I don't see the point. Rabbits should then not be domesticated at all. Besides I find it a bit unsettling that you think keeping a rabbit inside is cruel but you quite happily get baby bunnies (presumably from the pet store) because they are easier to handle rather than rescuing one. Again, it would make more sense not to fuel demand for commercial rabbit breeding if you feel so strongly.
wonderdawn (author) from Vanleer, Tennessee, USA, Earth on March 13, 2018:
Anonymous: I see how you would feel that free range rabbits are less safe than house kept rabbits and that is true, and I stated that in my story. I think it is interesting that you think dogs and cats "need to live inside". My dogs are spoiled rotten and what they love most is to dig moles, roll in dead things, jump into creeks, and run through mud! There are sometimes more than one way of looking at things. Sure, a rabbit is more safe in a house (maybe...there are lots of dangers for rabbits indoors too...) but how do you know it is more happy??
Nicki: Thank you, yes they are dawn-dusk active! Need to fix that.
Anonymous on January 17, 2018:
You may think you know about rabbits but what you know is completely twisted information. This article disgusts me!! A rabbit is like a dog or cat. They need to live inside!! Or at least temp controled. Please read resources from rabbit.org to read what REAL rabbit care is!!! There are videos by howcast on how to care for a rabbit. Please please read and acre for ur buns properly.
Nicki on September 24, 2017:
Crepuscular, meaning active dawn and dusk is what rabbits are. Not nocturnal. That is one of the reasons rabbits are great when you work a day shift. I'm home when my bunny wants to play!
Interesting article but unsettling that it surprises you that they are surviving. I couldn't risk my rabbit's life like that. Caramel rabbit goes out on a harness and hops/walks me. I tell him he is being wild and see happy hops. Then we both get tired and go back inside.
wonderdawn (author) from Vanleer, Tennessee, USA, Earth on September 06, 2016:
Savi, as I said in the article, it is best to have your bun caged for a while first so that she associates you with food. Feeding by hand or holding her food container is recommended. The more tame your bunny is when you set them free, the more likely they are to stay nearby and to come back to you. If you do not have a fence around your yard, your bunny will have no way of knowing how far you want it to roam. When you set a bun totally free, you will not get to choose how far it goes. If you can't stand letting your bunny out of sight, or if you think it is too risky to let the roam, you are better off keeping her in an enclosure or inside.
Savi on August 08, 2016:
I don't know how to train my bunny to stay in my back yard so I have to chase her around the whole thime
Alycea on November 04, 2014:
Thanks for the insight and info. I take care of 3 little dwarf rabbits who now live outside, though in a large enclosed area. We also have ducks and chickens. They all look after each other, with our Cockerel being the head of the pack. Interestingly our chickens will visit and even fly up on to the edge of the rabbit enclosure, but never go in. It is very obviously the rabbit territory and the others don't invade. The rabbits have gotten out a few times, but never stray far from the enclosure. We keep them in an enclosure, and in a large rabbit hutch during the night, as we do have foxes in the area. All our animals go in for the night, but during the day have the run of the grounds.
Of our 3 rabbits, 2 are female. The male has been neutered. They all look after each other, grooming each other, sleeping or napping snuggled together. They also greet each other with nose bumps, as well as human visitors. They are amazingly sociable creatures. I get greeted with great excitement when I visit (as they know that I generally bring a treat). I often take a book to read down in the enclosure and they like to hang out with me, which also generally brings the ducks and chickens around (also looking for treats), so I am generally surrounded by 12 animals.
We made the enclosure using hurdles, made from branches fastened together and small hole chicken wire, sort of like see through walls. We then extended the enclosure further when we were given one of those large trampoline nets, almost trebling the space. We think we have reached the optimum size now as the rabbits seem to be very content with it. We move the rabbit enclosure about once a week to give them new sources of grass, as this is their favourite food. They do like hard food and hay, but generally tend to only eat this at nights or if the weather outside is not so nice.
It has been a slow process of moving them outside, watching and seeing how they adapt. They went from a small cage inside at night to their hutch outside during the day. The outside cage was about twice the size of the inside one and it became noticeable that they didn't like being cooped up at night in the smaller cage. We then increased their inside cage and then we tried extending their outside hutch, allowing them to go outside around it in a small enclosed area. They so obviously loved the extra space that extending the cage became rather addictive. But the increase in running, jumping, binkying and then relaxing so completely was so noticeable, they were so very obviously happier with the larger area.
I read at the beginning of taking care of my little charges that if you watch rabbits they will talk to you with their actions, and how right this has been. Their eyes in particular are so expressive, but also their body language, how they greet you, the odd noises they do make (like their equivalent of purring, or humming when they eat) and just generally how they act around you easily tells you what they are feeling, from hapiness, to joy, to contentment, to having a tantrum (we had a lot more of these when we had the smaller cages - now they are virtually non-existent).
Phantom pregnancies was mentioned and I wanted to add that we had a few this spring and summer. Both our females went through it, first one, then the other, then a month later again. It was definitely a 28 day cycle. They both built amazing nests, took them about 24 hours, then sat on the nest for a few hours and that was that. They then got off and ignored the nest and went back to normal, no residual affects.
I have been surprised and a little frustrated by how few people let their rabbits outside, or seem to be afraid to do so. My rabbits so obviously love the space they have to explore and exercise in. I do worry about them, as I do with all our animals since we do have foxes in the area, but at the same time they are so very obviously happy as they are now, outside, and there is no way I could take that away from them.
wonderdawn (author) from Vanleer, Tennessee, USA, Earth on August 01, 2014:
This is a great link to an EXPERT on bunnies. I am saving her for future rabbit questions:
In this link, she is responding to a question about bot flies/using Revolution on an outdoor pet rabbit. Since writing this hub, I have encountered bot fly larvae (also called "Wolf Worms" here in southern USA) with my cage-free bunnies. Not sure if they are prevalent in Maine, check with your vet. The worm forms a visible sore on the bunny. It can often be removed safely, if you get it without it spreading. It is sad but true that free range bunnies experience more dangers. I still believe that buns deserve a free life. But I have not yet found any prevention medicines for outdoor parasites.
Ginny on July 29, 2014:
Thanks for getting back to me! I have seen the girls, everyday so far and usually a couple of times a day but they won't let me get close enough to catch them. They are living in our woods but very close to the rabbit house I put together for them, which is near the chicken coops and they hang out under a big pine tree with the chickens when the chickens are out, so we're doing well so far. I can't get this rabbit house into the chicken pens as it's too big and having just gotten a cast off I can't build one but hope to before winter. I figure when the 18 chickens are big enough for the main coop I will give the buns back this area they were in and build their own place for winter there and they can share the pen with the chickens, but not the coop. I think it's great to let them free range and everyday I am feeling better about it.
I like your box and mine is similar but I need to put a small hole in it for them. I don't think they go in it right now as a small pen is up against it and I'm sure they think if they go in, they are stuck.
Ditto, ditto, ditto to your entire blog about this subject. In just these few days I have enjoyed and we have experienced so much of what you type about. We don't have a fence though, and what I have learned is the road worries me more than predators! They seem fascinated with it so I chase them back to the back yard. We live on 60 acres of woods, blueberry fields, but also the 2 lane highway out front that is very busy during the day. We live in Maine so winter will be an issue.
Thanks again for starting this subject and continue writing about it, maybe more people will do it!
wonderdawn on July 28, 2014:
Hey Ginny! Love your buns' names! From my experience, bunnies live great with chickens. They love corn too :) I have seen a chicken peck a bunny square on the head for eating its corn, but they don't seem to mind much, they just move along and keep eating! I have read that sometimes females pull their fur even when they are not pregnant. It is a "false pregnancy", a psychological thing. I guess some femmes want to be pregnant so badly that they imagine it to be true. If you have lots of predators, I think putting their shelter box in with the chickens is a great idea. They are probably just checking things out and will come back. They will get used to your feeding schedule and food may lure them in with the chickens. I have noticed bunnies sometimes do not smell or see food as easily as you would think, so good luck! Also, rabbits are more active at night (especially in the heat of the summer) so they do not "go to roost" like chickens. They may dig holes too. Especially the one who thinks she is building a nest.
Ginny on July 27, 2014:
My two buns were first free range indoors but the mess and bunstruction was too much so I moved them ouside to one of the chicken pens. Then I had to put chickens in it so I put them in the garage, they got out last night and stayed out. Haven't seen them today yet, but wanted to know how far they might go. Now I will at least put thie "cage" outside in a big wooden "box" with doors and all their stuff there so maybe they will come home and be free range outdoors. We have LOTS of predators which worries me. I was hoping they would do what the chickens do and free range until supper then go back in the pen/coop area. If I thought they could just live with the chickens I'd let them. So I'm on here trying to figure out what to do for them so I see them again. Yesterday they had a blast and when I called them they would show up. So far today, I haven't seen them at all. Of course naming them Freedom and Liberty probably just added to their need to be just that. Also, Freedom was pulling her fur but they are both females so I don't know why she would think she is building a nest. Any help would be great!
spiritwood from Wales, UK on December 28, 2013:
what a gorgeous hub this is!free ranging house bunnies- huge giant french lops. they were amazing animals :)
Ghost32 on June 03, 2013:
I voted, but cheated, and must now confess: Our bunnies do roam free outside our home--because they are wild desert cottontails. We have a rabbit hide for them, a 20' stick of 6" PVC pipe with bends at each end and buried in dirt over the center section. And like yours, food is the big kicker. So far, they're going through 12 pounds of Walmart carrots per week, supplementing whatever else they get from the wild (where they're browsing for most of the day).
We're also friends with the local pack of coyotes, which in interesting "impossibility"--buddying up with both buns and predators. Mostly, it works. Generations of rabbits have come to realize we're the good guys, and the individuals that hang closer to the house tend to live longer before joining a feral canine for lunch.
Of course, there are also rabbit eating reptiles and red-tailed hawks in the area, so it ain't easy being both cute and yummy at the same time.
Awesome Hub, great photos. Voted Up and More.
Disclaimer: This story was never meant to criticize anyone (including the ex-owner), but more of hoping to create a positive environment for all bunnies’ lovers and for their bunnies. Pets are for lifetime true, but only when one is able to afford it.
During the last few days of May 2016, I happen to come across an advertisement online the owner is looking for potential adopters for her rabbit as she is going to be posted overseas for work. I viewed the ad and decided to drop a message to the owner for more information. Shortly after, she replied and after some information exchange, she asked if I would like to view the rabbit before deciding, I agreed. The next day, I met her and the rabbit at the void deck below her apartment.
It was shockingly filthy visually and physically. The said rabbit was so sad and weak looking. She explained that his pee stains was from the UTI he got few months ago but he had already recovered from it, he is also not sterilized due to the UTI as well. He had bad, bad pee burns in between his legs and his bum, so she will pass me the meds along with him as well. I knew I had to do something. I agreed to pick up the rabbit on the day after.
1 st June 2016 I picked up the rabbit and rushed him to the vet clinic which had his previous records. At the reception, I gave him a new name as I registered him for consultation. He was soon seen by the vet. We took x-rays, blood test, fecal test and urine test. He weighs only 1.3kg and we can easily feel his spine down his back. We came to a conclusion that he is tagged with so many issues that only time will be the judge of how he would recover. We collected a bunch of medication and we headed home.
I had a playpen setup ready at my already-small-and-cramped balcony, a simple litter box, a handful of hay inside and a water bowl for him. As I placed him into the playpen, he looked very confuse as he slowly explores his new area. When he finally finds the water bowl, he drank and drank and drank, for a good 3 minutes.
After mopping around, spraying pee and poop everywhere, he looked at me as if asking me something. How I wished I could understand animal language. He must have tons of things to ask and talk to me. Then I tried picking him up to start wiping off some of the stains at his bum area and also to apply the meds for the pee burn as well as feeding him the oral medication for his liver issues he did not struggle at all, a very nice tempered little boy, for now. When everything is done, I returned him into the playpen and watched him poke his nose everywhere. Then he hop into his little box, he flopped.
I am just another average bunny owner like everyone out there. I rarely groomed my own rabbits (I engage groomers to help me with that) and I never had a bun that has this much of health problem to deal with. But knowing that I gave him some comfort by bringing him home, I guess, I’ve did quite well. To owners out there, I just want this story to be an advise. I’m not saying that abandoning your pet because your MIL/FIL/son/daughter had allergies is a damn good reason. My point is more of knowing when to let go instead of holding on to your pet knowing that you are no longer able to provide time to care for them. In this case, the owner had to be overseas for long period of time. During her absence, the rabbit was down with UTI and was passed to a friend who had barely the basics of how to care for it. Things gone so wrong that by the time the owner had returned for it, the damage was done, very badly. Who’s the victim? Everyone involved is, especially the rabbit. No one expected or wanted this to happen but look, it had happen eventually.
I am very mad at the owner at first not gonna lie. But then I asked myself, what if the same situation happen to me? Maybe I couldn’t afford raising them anymore for a reason I couldn’t solve, do I send them to a relative whose 5 year old child wanted a cute rabbit as a pet and then think it as case close? Or perhaps I should post online looking for owner but in return receive comments from people saying that I’m heartless to abandon my rabbit, questioning me why I couldn’t put in the effort to bring it overseas with me. At that point, I feel grateful instead, because that owner knew her limits was up and took efforts to rehome the rabbit to me after asking me quite a bit of questions like am I going to sterilize him eventually, whether I have other rabbits at home, am I planning bond them together etc. If a person just wants to get rid of the rabbit, why would she have asked that much?
At the end of the day, I just want to say that everyone have their own sets of problem. If everyone could keep their pets and care for them till their last breathe, of course that’s the ultimate ideal situation. But in reality, it’s really not that possible for some people. Do we really have to judge them for having difficulties that they can’t solve? Or how about we help by giving better suggestions, like adopt it! Or helping to foster, ask around for good potential adopters on behalf if the owner is short of time, share your experience if you have gone through similar situation before etc. Let’s be more kind with our words commenting “Karma will get you for abandoning your pet. Hope that your children will abandon you too” is not going to help in any way. P.s. abandoning a pet IS a crime in Singapore, rehoming it properly is not.
I shall end off the first part of the story (I’m longwinded, but his transformation will amaze you, I promise!). This boy is getting his second chance in life. Even if I’m a greenhorn in caring for a rabbit this dirty, I hope that eventually he’ll be a happy little fellow who can live his life to the very last bit. I gave him a name that means strong and powerful, hoping that he will eventually transform into a charming big boy.
This is a house rabbit cage that our neighbors gave to us. It is made up of Neat Idea Cubes and zip ties, with PVC tubes for stability.
If you don’t see the cubes in your local store, you can get them on Amazon. I really like some aspects of the NIC cage, but it does have a few downfalls.
It has to be used for indoor bunnies. The one inch squares mean rodents will walk right in, and raccoons will have no problem reaching in for a snack.
Our colony is in the garage and we thought they were safe and snug, until we realized there was a hole behind the furnace where rodents were getting in.
If you’re planning on raising backyard rabbits, please, please, please make sure they have weather appropriate housing.
The previous owner of this cage was trying to breed bunnies in the rain with only a tarp and a heat lamp for shelter. Major fire hazard and NOT fun for the wet baby bunnies!
If you plan to do any rabbit breeding in a NIC cage make sure you add baby saver wire. If you don’t, the baby rabbits will be able to walk right out of the cage.
Make sure it goes at least 6 inches up, or the babies will reach an stage where they are big enough to hop over and squeeze out.
Most sources on raising rabbits for meat say that 6 feet of space is adequate for a doe and her litter. The NIC cage by itself is 18 square feet.
I was unable to find any size guidelines for colony raising rabbits when I first started researching, so I started with all three rabbits in it. If it was too small I could move the buck out into a separate hutch.
I started to notice the rabbits fighting after we had our first litter. The biggest indicator was tufts of fur about the cage.
I didn’t want to move the buck out though, because they were still engaging in social grooming, cuddling, and he would let the baby bunnies sit on his back.
It just felt wrong to isolate him. Instead I added a metal baby yard with chicken wire and hardware cloth around the bottom. (Update, he is currently housed separately.)
I’ve since learned that the minimum amount of space for a rabbit colony would be more like 10 feet per rabbit, which is the amount of space we have currently.
It’s also very important to have multiple levels for the rabbits to jump off and down on. Our current set up provides a lot of jumping opportunities, which is one thing it has going for it.
Since adding the attached yard we haven’t had any more indications of fighting. After we process the first litter if I want to keep raising rabbits for food, I definitely want to expand the colony quite a bit.
A more humane rule of thumb would be 5 times the size of the rabbit. My rabbits are 8 pound adults, so I’m looking at potentially 120 square feet as a minimum size for my current herd.
Finally the remodel of our row house in San Francisco’s Eureka Valley neighborhood was done! A year of dust, hotplate dinners, and showers at the gym had morphed into handsome hardwood floors, the requisite granite counter tops, a cool looking deck with a hot tub-and a new six figure mortgage. As long-time metropolitan dwellers, we love all that a city has to offer (museums, concerts, diverse population, excellent restaurants)… and we tolerate the challenges (hustle-bustle, difficult parking, traffic).
Making the place in which we live a kind of refuge has always been important to us. After the remodel, the only thing missing to make our “new house” a home was an animal to share it with us. Being experienced lop-eared bunny parents– three different rabbits has been part of our lives at three separate times–we figured another rabbit would be a likely choice.
Little did we know that a pair of bunnies would turn out to be the perfect urban pets. This time we decided to seek out a homeless bunny. We discovered Save-A-Bunny and got talked into meeting a bonded pair of baby mini-lops currently living in a foster home. When their foster mom brought two scared bunnies-a timid gray-white female and her slightly larger chocolate brown brother to our house-we fell in love and decided we wanted to share our new home with them.
We were questioned extensively about our “rabbit savvy” (Yes, we had covered electrical cords from previous rabbit inhabitants Yes, we promised to allow the rabbits to live indoors only, etc. etc.) and about our commitment to being responsible parents.
We thought of names-sophisticated enough for city bunnies. The almost-white girl was rechristened “Chiaro,” and her brown/black brother became “Scuro.” Italian-speaking readers will know that chiaroscuro is the wonderfully melodious term for light and dark in that language (the bunnies’ new mother is an art historian-dad calls them “Kiki” and “Ro”).
So why are Chiaro and Scuro such terrific urban pets? They make no noise-our downstairs tenants say they hear only an occasional click-clack of bunny toenails. They don’t need to be walked-as “free range” rabbits (kitchen and outdoor deck area) they get plenty of exercise. A wire “kiddie” door keeps them from attacking the rest of our house.
An extra pet bonus: these rabbits are box trained. They very quickly learned the location of their litter box, and there are never accidents. Their sleep habits coincide well with our busy lives: while we’re gone during the day they hang out on the kitchen chairs (covered with old towels to minimize bunny fur), underneath the table. In the evening they wake up to join us in our evening glass of wine and snacks. Night owls that they are, they entertain each other after we’ve hit the sack.
As we’re enjoying a glass of pinot noir and catching up on how our days have been, the bunnies jump up on the couch to swarm at us for an almond or peanut snack-which we happily trade for bunny snuggles. San Francisco evenings are chilly, and we love our new fireplace… so do the bunnies. They like to relax and flop out in front of it a comforting antidote to big city life.
On those beautiful Bay Area days, Chiaro and Scuro get to explore our new deck: it’s fenced off and bunny-proofed. They absolutely love to go out there if we’re not quick enough in the morning to let them out, they stand mournfully near the door, hinting. Their dad even planted two flowers boxes with greens, and the bunnies are allowed to mow them down every week or so. And-lucky for these bunnies-we live in an urban area where organic greens are readily available. They get lots of them, and if they become the least bit hungry, they stand near therefrigerator to remind us of who rules this house.
Rabbits like to chew everything: paper, rugs, table legs, etc. We try to provide plenty of chew toys (egg cartons, unfinished wooden boxes, old phone books, rug remnants, untreated baskets, etc.) rather than sacrificing our living room furniture. Now three-year olds, they have even been known to jump up on the table to attack a vase of flowers. (Needless to say, decorative arrangements are now taken well out of their reach).
And what’s different about having two bunnies, rather than the single rabbits we’d had in years past? These guys give new meaning to the term “bonded pair” as they almost constantly groom, lick and cuddle together. Consequently, they have less need for us, their human companions. While we’d like to pet them more, we give them their space, recognizing their dependence upon one another. And, on those evenings when Chiaro and Scuro are stretched out in front of the fire looking incredibly adorable, and their two guardians are into serious unwind mode…well, it just doesn’t get much better.
By George and Prudy Kohler
We currently share our home with two rabbits. Biscuit and Muffin occupy a rather imposing “bun-dominium” in our family room. Since I provide daycare for five preschoolers, the children and the rabbits interact frequently. I am vigilant to see that the relationship is never at the rabbits’ expense. I want the children to have the experience of helping to care for, and love, our rabbits. I also want the kids to learn to think from the bunny’s point of view. To foster this, we have used the following methods. Our first rabbit taught us how she wished to be handled. Sniffles was 14 pounds of intelligent, matronly rabbit, who took no guff from anyone. She was exceptionally friendly and would merely push your hand away when she’d been patted sufficiently and needed to go about her business. She would growl if something bothered her (the sound of the blender or food processor, for example!). She lived a long and happy life–and was big enough to defend herself firmly against young eager hands. We still miss her.
When we got Biscuit as a six-week-old Netherland dwarf, we knew he would need more protection. With Sniffles, the cage door was always open. We also knew we would need to tailor Biscuit’s participation in daycare to his more vulnerable size and sensitive temperament.
We started with his cage in a room where the children played, but up on a table and back against the (protected) wall. This allowed the children to see Biscuit only if lifted. He had a chance to get used to their happy noises without being subjected to sudden touching. (We were giving him cuddling and supervised free-range roaming after daycare hours.)
After several weeks, we began to let the children pat him gently on the face while he was held by my oldest daughter. Only one child was allowed to stroke the bunny at a time. We used quiet “indoor voices”–a standard rule in my daycare anyway. The children and I discussed what the bunny was seeing and how big we all were compared to him. One little boy even said, “I’d be scared of me, if I was bunny-little!”
Several more weeks passed. Now that I knew the kids were able to be gentle and quiet, I began to let one child per day give Biscuit a small treat. Each child had to learn to feed the rabbit in the dish, never through the bars of the cage. (In my experience, this can contribute to bunnies biting errant fingers.) The children loved to watch how a rabbit nibbles, and kept rigorous track of whose turn it was to do the feeding.
When we acquired our latest furry friend, Muffin, we used essentially the same techniques. The children were calmer and eager to make his acquaintance. Being a Holland lop, at only five months he is already larger than Biscuit. Muffin seeks the children out. His head usually is out the open door of his cage, looking for anyone likely to provide a nice face rub. He also loves to perform for the children, showing off his best “bunny antics” to their gales of laughter. He is quite the showman. We now can seat the children on the floor in front of the beach towel-covered sofa, which becomes a perfect eye-level bunny stage. Muffin delights in doing twirls, flips, and leaps for them. He also licks everyone’s nose as if to say, “Thank you for coming!”
Our rabbits are very special to us. I believe that with care and a gradual approach, bunnies and small children can enrich each other’s lives.
House Rabbit Journal Volume III, Number 4, Winter 1995