As in humans, pneumonia in dogs can be extremely dangerous, leading the animal to a life-threatening scenario. Often triggered by other less aggressive diseases, canine pneumonia is a major concern for those who have a sick pet at home, as it can bring a number of complications to the pet's health and, as mentioned, even lead to death. .
Bearing in mind that - just like humans - dogs can also suffer from the flu, it is up to pet owners to be well informed about the main symptoms that can be presented due to the pneumonia in dogs; since, by highlighting signs similar to those of a simple flu, this situation can end up being ignored by the most unsuspecting owners - making the animal's health considerably worse because it did not start treatment quickly.
Causing inflammation of the animal's bronchi and lungs, pneumonia in dogs appears - in most cases - due to other milder diseases, such as the flu itself, which cause a considerable decrease in the pet's immunity. However, a number of other factors may also be responsible for the appearance of this condition, including contamination of the animal by fungi, bacteria, viruses and protozoa.
Diseases well known in the canine world, such as Kennel Cough and Canine Distemper, are also part of the group of factors that can aggravate the health of an animal and trigger the canine pneumonia. However, even the aspiration of some liquid or food (causing aspiration pneumonia, which can even be the animal's own gastric juice) can bring the dog closer to the disease - since the dog's respiratory tract is the main gateway for all types of causative agents.
Find out below the main causes, symptoms and forms of treatment for pneumonia in dogs; and stay tuned to the signs that your pet may be showing, because the disease must be treated immediately after its discovery, so that the dog can be cured and lead a healthy life for many years.
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Triggers of pneumonia in dogs
As mentioned, parasites, fungi, viruses and bacteria are the main causing pneumonia in dogs, since these are the agents that cause the many other diseases that can worsen until triggering this more serious condition. However, a number of other factors can also help a lot for the disease to develop, and special care must be taken by pet owners so that the animals' immunity remains high, decreasing the risks of this occurrence.
A diet lacking nutrients, for example, can cause malnutrition and anemia in the dog; decreasing your immunity and, consequently, increasing the risks of developing pneumonia.
Elderly and small-sized dogs are also more commonly affected by the disease, with the genetic factor not being left out of the causes of pneumonia, and certain breeds - which include Pekingese, Toy Poodle, Yorkshire, Chihuahua and Pomeranian Lulu - are also considered more likely to develop the condition.
Symptoms of pneumonia in dogs
Breathing difficulty is the main and most visible symptom in a dog with pneumonia, which can also show signs such as a lot of cough, fever, secretions and runny nose, wheezing, dehydration, loss of appetite and hoarse-looking barks. In most cases, it is also possible to notice that the animal seems to be choking on something, which can cause constant vomiting.
In some cases, it is possible to notice that the dog with pneumonia he has a blue tongue and mouth, with very rapid breathing and a considerable increase in body temperature.
Treatment of pneumonia in dogs
The treatment of pneumonia in dogs will depend on which agent caused the disease; and it is worth remembering that the speed factor is something fundamental for the health of an animal affected by the disease to recover without major problems. Therefore, when you notice any unusual signs in your pet, visiting a veterinarian is, arguably, the best option.
In more severe cases of the disease, the animal's hospitalization may be requested so that it has the appropriate treatment. However, in most cases, antibiotics are the most recommended drugs to treat canine pneumonia - in addition to fluid replacement and oxygen supply to improve the pet's breathing.
It is worth remembering that no type of medication should be provided to your pet without the indication of a professional, as this can have serious consequences for your health; and end up complicating your pet's picture even more.